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David W. Smith M.D. | Inventor | Manager & CEO of TBI Innovations LLC | Researcher for Department of Neurosurgery, West Virginia University School of Medicine

TBI INNOVATIONS LLC was formed in 2010 to further the SLOSH discoveries of David W. Smith MD. Initially challenged with identifying the mechanism of G-force tolerance of woodpeckers, head ramming sheep, and diving birds, he evolved the concepts now referred to as SLOSH THEORY and set out to afford humankind the same protections against blast waves, impacts and G-forces.

Dr. Smith’s SLOSH™ discoveries were folded into TBI Innovations LLC in 2010, as a legal entity intended to protect the intellectual property through patents and commercialize the fruits of his discoveries with the help of Dr. Julian Bailes and his group of researchers at West Virginia University.

In 2008, Dr. Smith reasoned that the energies imparted into moving objects containing fluids (SLOSH) would most likely enter the body through SLOSHING blood (MACRO SLOSH), red cells (MICRO SLOSH) and molecules (MOLECULAR SLOSH). He supported his theory by impacting human blood samples with IED (Improvised Explosive Device) level blast waves. This novel experiment identified the ability to pass impact and blast energies THROUGH blood instead of being absorbed by the blood. The results helped coin the phrase that we could make tissues and even brains,
"invisible to a blast." Dr. Smith has a faculty appointment at West Virginia University, Department of Neurosurgery.
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Julian E. Bailes, M.D. | Chief, Department of Neurosurgery | West Virginia University School of Medicine | Member Board of Managers of TBI Innovations LLC

In 2010, Dr. Smith aligned with WVU’s chief of neurosurgery, Julian E. Bailes MD, which led to a landmark study of TBI mitigation in rats using the Marmarou impact acceleration injury model. Dr. Bailes served in the past as team physician for the Pittsburgh Steelers, and he founded The Brain Injury Research Institute. Dr. Bailes is Chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery at West Virginia University School of Medicine, and he has over 100 scientific publications in refereed journals concerning various aspects of neurological surgery, as well as three books on neurological sports medicine.
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Joseph A. Fisher, M.D., FRCP(C) | Staff Anesthesiologist, University Health Network | Professor, Faculty of Medicine | University of Toronto | Senior Scientist, Human Physiology & Clinical Investigation | Toronto General Research Institute | Co-Inventor of the SLOSHguard™ collar designed to inexpensively mitigate the adverse effects of TBI

In 2009, Dr. Smith disclosed his findings to Joe A. Fisher MD of Toronto General Hospital and chief scientist for Thornhill Research Inc. From Dr. Smith’s innovative discoveries, Dr. Fisher made the leap to the work of Dr. Quenckenstedt. In 1918 he described how the compression of the internal jugulars veins could be used to increase the volume and pressure of the cranium,which would then determine the patentcy of the spinal and cerebral spaces. The Quenckenstedt Maneuver continues to be a viable and safe clinical methodology.

Drs. Fisher and Smith then theorized that mimicking the increased cerebral volume and pressure of The Quenckenstedt Maneuver would reduce the compliance of the cerebrum, thereby reducing SLOSH and energy impartation to the tissues due to inelastic collections in the cranium. That discovery led to the birth of the
Q-collar™ protection device, the first product to evolve from the collaborative efforts of this Team.

Dr. Fisher is a Senior Scientist in the Division of Clinical Investigation & Human Physiology, Toronto General Research Institute (TGRI), and he has over 100 scientific publications on anesthesia, CO2, and neuro-radiology.